Cyber Security Penetration Testing

SKU: 364215376135191

Prices vary for basic, intermediate and professional.


Testing phases:


1. Pre-Engagement Interactions
2. Reconnaissance or Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) Gathering
3. Threat Modeling & Vulnerability Identification
4. Exploitation
5. Post-Exploitation, Risk Analysis & Recommendations
6. Reporting


Idenfify high risk vulnerabilities

Assess the criticallity business impact of successful attacks

Improve on overall compliance


  • Cyber Security Penetration Testing

    1. Pre-Engagement Interactions

    One over-looked step to penetration testing is pre-engagement interactions or scoping. During this pre-phase, a penetration testing company will outline the logistics of the test, expectations, legal implications, objectives and goals the customer would like to achieve.

    During the Pre-Engagement phase, the penetration testers should work with your company to fully understand any risks, your organizational culture, and the best pentesting strategy for your organization. You may want to perform a white box, black box, or gray box penetration test. It’s at this stage when the planning occurs along with aligning your goals to specific pentesting outcomes.

    2. Reconnaissance or Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) Gathering

    Reconnaissance or Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) gathering is an important first step in penetration testing. A pentester works on gathering as much intelligence on your organization and the potential targets for exploit.

    Depending on which type of pentest you agree upon, your penetration tester may have varying degrees of information about your organization or may need to identify critical information on their own to uncover vulnerabilities and entry points in your environment.

    A pentester uses an exhaustive checklist for finding open entry points and vulnerabilities within the organization. The OSINT Framework provides a plethora of details for open information sources.

    3. Threat Modeling & Vulnerability Identification

    During the threat modeling and vulnerability identification phase, the tester identifies targets and maps the attack vectors. Any information gathered during the Reconnaissance phase is used to inform the method of attack during the penetration test.

    4. Exploitation

    With a map of all possible vulnerabilities and entry points, the pentester begins to test the exploits found within your network, applications, and data. The goal is for the ethical hacker is to see exactly how far they can get into your environment, identify high-value targets, and avoid any detection.

    If you established a scope initially, then the pentester will only go as far as determined by the guidelines you agreed upon during the initial scoping. For example, you may define in your scope to not pentest cloud services or avoid a zero-day attack simulation.

    The ethical hacker will also review and document how vulnerabilities are exploited as well as explain the techniques and tactics used to obtain access to high-value targets. Lastly, during the exploitation phase, the ethical hacker should explain with clarity what the results were from the exploit on high-value targets.

    5. Post-Exploitation, Risk Analysis & Recommendations

    After the exploitation phase is complete, the goal is to document the methods used to gain access to your organization’s valuable information. The penetration tester should be able to determine the value of the compromised systems and any value associated with the sensitive data captured.

    Once the penetration testing recommendations are complete, the tester should clean up the environment, reconfigure any access he/she obtained to penetrate the environment, and prevent future unauthorized access into the system through whatever means necessary.

    6. Reporting

    Reporting is often regarded as the most critical aspect of a pentest. It’s where you will obtain written recommendations from the penetration testing company and have an opportunity to review the findings from the report with the ethical hacker(s).

    The findings and detailed explanations from the report will offer you insights and opportunities to significantly improve your security posture. The report should show you exactly how entry points were discovered from the OSINT and Threat Modeling phase as well as how you can remediate the security issues found during the Exploitation phase.


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